July 22, 2024
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July 22, 2024
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Hashem promised Avraham that his children would be great in number. Though we have never been more than a small fraction of the world’s population, our cumulative numbers throughout the generations overshadow those of nations who come and go.

Hashem’s promises compared the Jewish people to natural elements, including dirt1, stars and sand2. What is the significance of each of these metaphors?



Tosafos3 explains that the Jewish people are like dirt because both are eternal. No matter how hard others try to destroy us, Hashem ensures our survival.

In his famous letter to Yemenite Jews who were, like us, the victims of murderous barbaric Islamic persecution, the Rambam identified another important aspect of the comparison to dirt. Though people spend their lives walking upon dirt, the dirt ultimately ends up above them when they die and are buried. We, like the dirt, will eventually end up on top. People may trample us, but ultimately, our attackers will be buried below us.

The Seforno4 adds that being trampled is a necessary precondition for our Geulah; before reaching redemption, we must first endure the abuse we are currently experiencing. We pray that this is the final abuse.



After Avraham passed the test of the Akeidah, Hashem equated his descendants to the stars in the sky and the sand on the seashore.5 What do these metaphors add?

The Gemara6 explains that Hashem equates us to both dirt and stars because we are destined to be either way above or way below other nations. When we live correctly, we are likened to stars; when we turn from Hashem’s path, we are trampled like dirt.

Like the bright stars, each Jew has a unique light to add to the world.7 Our influence on world history far outshines our percentage of humanity; some 22% of Nobel Prize recipients have had at least one Jewish parent.

In the words of Milton Himmelfarb: “Each of us Jews knows how thoroughly ordinary he is; yet taken together, we seem caught up in things great and inexplicable … The number of Jews worldwide is smaller than a small statistical error in the Chinese census. Yet, we remain bigger than our numbers. Big things seem to happen around us and to us.”8



We now understand why Hashem compared the Jewish people to both stars and dirt. Why does He compare us to sand as well? What does this third metaphor add? How is sand different than dirt?

Many explain that sand is unique because it packs together very tightly and heavily. Individual granules of sand get kicked and blown around by the wind. However, when you stick the granules of sand together (especially with water) as one unit, they become strong and powerful. Under enough pressure, sand even fuses together and becomes a solid sheet of glass.

The same is true with the Jewish people. When we stand alone, we are weak; when united, we are unstoppable. While it is true and significant that every Jew shines like a star, our real strength emerges when we come together like millions of grains of sand.


Achdut and Acheinu

The past few weeks have demonstrated Am Yisrael’s unity and brotherhood like no other time in recent history. Both in Israel and across the Diaspora, countless Jews have been begging for ways to help other Jews, breaking down walls and setting aside differences that kept us apart so recently.

Restaurants in Tel Aviv kashered their kitchens in order to cook for religious soldiers; Chasidim held dance parties to welcome displaced residents from the south; tens of communities in Chutz La’aretz rallied to send Israel hundreds of millions of dollars and thousands of suitcases filled with everything from gear to games.

The Acheinu Worldwide Unity Program aims to capitalize on this feeling of brotherhood and sustain it for the future. We must be able to unite without being prodded by external attacks. To accomplish this, we must work on personal, communal and international unity.

Personally, we need to bury the hatchet with those we have issues with. In addition, we should strengthen our relationships with those we already know and reach out to those we do not yet know. We should forge relationships with Jews who live in our neighborhoods, work in our workplaces, and interact with us on social media, and invite them for Shabbat meals.

Communal leaders should speak and write about the importance of Schdut and serve as examples by working together with leaders of all of the community’s other organizations. Leaders and organizations should issue joint statements calling for achdut and figure out ways to work with one another. Communities should arrange mass events, such as study, prayer and protest (as appropriate for each community), that include all the community organizations and their members.

Though we will continue to disagree, we should emphasize our shared brotherhood and disagree as brothers.

It is vital to connect ourselves and our achdut efforts to those of other Jews around the world. Acheinu offers this opportunity through global Jewish initiatives such as the upcoming Acheinu Song Compilation and Global Siyum.

In addition, we can reinforce our connection with Jews worldwide through the common Acheinu logo worn and displayed by Jews in 50 countries in 12 different languages. When you wear the Acheinu logo and hang an Acheinu banner on your shul, school and other Jewish buildings, you reinforce our global unity.


Take Part in Global Initiatives

We invite schools, shuls and community choirs to join the Acheinu Song Compilation.

In addition, every one of us can participate in the Global Siyum. Leading up to the Shloshim of those killed by Hamas, Jews worldwide are learning Mishnayot in their memory. The Acheinu Global Siyum allows us to learn alongside Jews in tens of other countries and hundreds of other communities.

Learning this way will help us feel connected to one another during these challenging times. Jews in New York and London are reminded of those in Malta and Tanzania, and those in Zambia and Finland can connect with larger communities in London and Toronto.

Jews in communities around the world will inevitably learn in memory of the victims. Let’s do so together with world Jewry in a way that reflects and reinforces our global unity.

Please join us by signing up in the column set aside for your community on the Siyum tab on the website.



May embracing our “sand-like” nature help us realize the continuation of Hashem’s promise to Avraham: “v’yirash zaracha eis shaar oyvav — and your descendants will inherit the gates of their enemies.”

Let’s let our soldiers know that we stand united behind them.

Let’s show Hashem that we understand and have internalized His message and have recommitted ourselves to the unity of Am Yisrael.

May doing so merit a speedy victory and end to our suffering.

For more information about the Acheinu International Unity Initiative and to sign up for the siyum, see acheinu.world.

Rav Reuven Taragin is the dean of overseas students at Yeshivat Hakotel and the educational director of World Mizrachi.


1 Bereishit 13:16. See also Bereishit 28:14 and Bamidbar 23:10.

2 Bereishit 22:17.

3 Tosafot on Masechet Berachot 17a D”H V’nafshi.

4 Bereishit 28:14.

5 Bereishit 22:17.

6 Masechet Megilah 16a.

7 Ha’emek Davar Bereishit 22:17.

8 “Jews and Gentiles,” pg. 141-142.

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